Image Credit: deshgujrath
Exactly 56 years has been passed since the Indus water treaty had signed. The current issue stands here in between India and Pakistan. Today news columns and debates are completely smashing up with all inch to inch details with the above. Why this is so important to discuss? Let’s have a look at the history and geography of the scenario.
Image Credit: The Frontline
After the independence and partition, Pakistan put forward the ideas of Indus water controls with India bilaterally in the presence and guidance of the World Bank. Because it was very essential for Pakistan for their water related challenges especially in agriculture. About 8% of the output from agriculture are from the Indus basin. Also the point is, Pakistan can never play with water with India as all the 6 rivers are originating from India and they feared that they might go under pressure if any dispute happen with India and it will be for sure that India will create drought. The reality was Pakistan was not that much strong enough to handle the situation if that come true at that time. This led to the initiation of Indus water treaty.
Glance on the treaty
- In September 19, 1960 IndianPrime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru and Pakistan President Ayub Khan signed the Indus water treaty which were brokered by the World bank. According to the treaty, India got control over Beas, Ravi and sutlaj and Pakistan got control over Indus, Chenab and Jhelum
- Keypoint: Beas, Ravi, Sutlaj are the eastern part so given the control to India and Indus, Chenab, Jhelum are the western part, so given the control to Pakistan.
- According to the treaty India can use 20% of water and Pakistan can use 80% of the water from all 6 rivers.
- There were exceptions when the variation of water occurs at a particular region. But however the above two points were decided clearly and finalized.
Relating to the current prospects
Indian government came in to the decision to think over Indus water treaty cancellation which took place after the Uri attack were 18 Army personnel martyred. This made a heavy impact to India. Proofs were there that the weapons used by the terrorists were manufactured in Pakistan and they helped by Pak army. Uri attack happened months after the Pathankot airbase attack. Both happened in the same manner (terrorists entered in military uniform, time chosen for attack were in the early morning). And now Indian government strongly shown their aggressiveness and start to think over about giving a revenge with the same effect. Isolating Pakistan was the first step. This saw success in nature. UNGA speeches, SAARC summit rejection etc got supports from different nations. Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan stood with India to reject SAARC summit which were about to be held in Islamabad. However Indus water treaty review of India made a big headache to Pakistan and they moved to World Bank and ICJ (International Court of Justice) as precautions. Modi’s stands were “Blood and Water can’t flow together”. So this is for sure that the government is already took a leap to step to a hard core approach on the treaty matters.
Will it be a good option for India?
As a matter of fact, India already traveled through all possible corners and the decision like isolating Pakistan was a good move. Further more by canceling the Indus water treaty may have chances of going in serious troubles. Analysing the words of Former President of Pakistan Mr. Pervez Musharraf, he said “ You think of making Pakistan thirsty? Are you challenging a Nuclear Powered country?” and also the defense minister of Pakistan Khawaja Asif said “ will eliminate India if it impose war on us” also mentioned they will use special bombs if India impose war on them. This gives a hidden message that Pakistan is ready to use deadly weapons and bombs against India. There is nothing wrong up to a limit to think that they may use nukes also. So response from Pakistan might be dreadful. Yet Indus water treaty decision will not going to solve the problrm completely. There are chances for further terror attacks even more than that happened till now in India if they face serious water crisis. So there is no surety to conclude that actions from Pakistan towards India will stop by reminding them about the Indus treaty cancellation. Another expected result might be the support from other nations. If this highlighted in the International level further, there will be no clarity in support of other states incessantly for India. That is India might face difficulties in maintaining the relationship with the world powers.
- Type of response from Pakistan can not be expected.
- No surety that terrorist actions and threats from Pakistan will come to an end.
- Maintaining Support from other nations can not be assured.
So considering the above points (there will be furthermore. Above points are my personal opinion), government should make a brilliant and valuable moves against terrorism and threats from Pakistan.